Potensi Biji Kolowe (Chydenanthus excelsus) Sebagai Pisisidal

Keywords: C. excelsus, Piscicidal

Abstract

ABSTRACT

 

Kolowe seeds (C. excelsus) has strong potential as piscicidal. Research conducted on the potential piscicidal bioindikator swamp eel fish (Synbranchus bengalensis Mc.Cllel), which is one of the pests in shrimp ponds. The piscicidal test results of kolowe seeds to S.bengalensis fish are fresh seed powder (LC50 = 305, 50 ppm); dry powder (LC50 = 315.35 ppm); crude methanol extract (LC50 = 345.20 ppm); frakasi n-Butanol extract (LC50 = 265.85) and the fraction of ethylacetate extract (LC50 = 650.90). The results are quite robust and selective as the most dominant secondary metabolites are saponins.

 

Key words: C. excelsus, Piscicidal

 

ABSTRAK

 

Biji kolowe (C. excelsus) memiliki potensi yang kuat sebagai pisisidal. Penelitian potensi pisisidal dilakukan terhadap bioindikator ikan belut rawa (Synbranchus bengalensis Mc.Cllel) yang merupakan salah satu hama pada tambak udang. Hasil uji pisisidal biji kolowe terhadap ikan S.bengalensis tersebut adalah serbuk biji segar (LC50 = 305, 50 ppm); serbuk kering (LC50 = 315,35 ppm); ekstrak kasar metanol (LC50 = 345,20 ppm); ekstrak frakasi n-Butanol (LC50 = 265,85); dan esktrak fraksi etilasetat (LC50 = 650,90). Hasil penelitian tersebut cukup kuat dan selektif karena metabolit sekunder paling dominan adalah saponin.

 

Kata Kunci: Biji C. excelsus, pisisidal

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1.Harriman, N. 1997,Plants Number Index.Biology Department, Univeristy of Wisconsin, Oskhosh.
2.Hostettman, K.; & A. Marston. 1995,Saponins: A Chemistry and Pharmacology of Natural Products. Cambridge University Press, First Published. New York.
3.Rijai, L. 2004,Kajian Kimiawi dan Biokativitas Tumbuhan Kolowe (Chydenanthus excelsus).
Disertasi, UNPAD, Bandung
4.Colegate, S. M.; & R. J. Molyneux.1993,In Bioactive Natural Products: Detection, isolation,
and structural determination, (3rd edition), 349-399, CRC Press, Boca Raton, London, Tokyo.
5.Rijai, L. 2007,Kajian Bioaktif Potensial Biji Kolowe (Chydenanthus excelsus) untuk Pemanfaatan, LPPM, UNMUL, Samarinda
Published
2011-12-31
How to Cite
Rijai, L. (2011). Potensi Biji Kolowe (Chydenanthus excelsus) Sebagai Pisisidal. Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry, 1(3), 202-206. https://doi.org/10.25026/jtpc.v1i3.29

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>