Formulation of Essential Oils as Mosquito Repellent

  • Dwi Setyaningsih Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, IPB University, IPB Dramaga Campus Bogor, PO BOX 220 BOGOR 16620
  • Fitriana Roselly Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, IPB University, IPB Dramaga Campus Bogor, PO BOX 220 BOGOR 16620
  • Neli Muna Surfactant and Bioenergy Research Center, LPPM, IPB University
Keywords: Aedes aegypti, essential oil, formulation, repellent

Abstract

Essential oil has complex chemical substances with a lot of benefit, one of them is as mosquitoe or insect repellent. This research aims to find out the best essential oil formula for mosquito repellent. Essential oils that used in this research are citronella, lemongrass, cajeput, and lavender oil. Essential oils are characterized by its color, density, refractive index, and solubility in alcohol. The essential oil colors met the SNI which was pale yellow to clear yellow, the density was 0.8125 - 0.9114 g/ml, the refractive index was 1.4568-1.4665 and soluble in alcohol. The essential oil mixture resulted in 7 series of formula, namely series A1-A5, B1-B5, C1-C5, D1-D5, E1-E5, F1-F5, and G1-G5. The organoleptic test performed on all formula showed that the preferred formula was the formula E3, G3, and F3. All preferred formula were carried out repellent tests against mosquitoes to determine the effectiveness of the oil mixture in Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) carrier. The result showed that E3 was more effective repellent compare to F3 and G3 formulas, because it has protection value more than 90% until fourth-hour.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aligiannis N, Kalpoutzakis EC, Chinou IB, Mitakou S, Gikas E, Tsarbopoulos A. 2001. Composition and antimicrobial activity of the esssential oils of five taxa of sideritis from Greece. Journal Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 49(2): 811-815.
[BSN] Badan Standarisasi Nasional. 1995. Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI). SNI 06-3953-1995. Minyak Sereh. Jakarta (ID): Dewan Standarisasi Indonesia.
[BSN] Badan Standarisasi Nasional. 2006. Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI). SNI 06-3954-2006. Minyak Kayu Putih. Jakarta (ID): Dewan Standarisasi Indonesia.
Boesri H, Heriyanto B, Susanti L, Handayani SW. 2015. Uji repelen (daya tolak) beberapa ekstrak tumbuhan terhadap gigitan nyamuk Aedes Aegypti vector demam berdarah dengue. Jurnal Vektor. 7(2):79-84.
Djojosumarto P. 2008. Pestisida dan Aplikasinya. Cet 1. Jakarta (ID): AgroMedia Pustaka.
Fischer J, Dethlefsen U. 2013. Efficacy of cineole in patients suffering from acute bronchitis: a placebo-controlled double-blind trial. Journal Cough. 9:25.
Gunawan D, Mulyani S. 2004. Ilmu Obat Alam. Jakarta (ID): Penebar Swadaya.
Handayani RS, Lalagiy D, Panjaitan RU. 2011. Pencegahan luka tekan mellaui pijat menggunakan virgin coconut oil. Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia. 14(3): 141-148.
Helfiansyah R, Sastrohamidjojo H, Riyanto. 2013. Isolasi, identifikasi dan pemurnian senyawa 1,8 sineol minyak kayu putih (Melaleuca Leucadendron). ASEAN Journal of Systems Engineering. 1(1): 19-24.
Kardinan A. 2003. Tanaman Pengusir dan Pembasmi Nyamuk Vol I. Jakarta (ID): Agromedia Pustaka.
Kardinan A. 2007. Tanaman Pengusir dan Pembasmi Nyamuk Vol II. Jakarta (ID): Agromedia Pustaka.
Ketaren S. 1984. Pengantar Teknologi Minyak atsiri. Jakarta (ID): PN Balai Pustaka.
Kim JK, Kang CS, Lee JK, Kim YR, Han HY, Yun HK. 2005. Evaluation of repellency effect of two natural aroma mosquito repellent compounds, citronella and citronellal. Entomological Research. 35(2): 117-120.
Lucida H, Salman, Hervian MS. 2008. Uji daya peningkat penetrasi virgin coconut oil (VCO) dalam basis krim. Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Farmasi. 13(1): 23-30.
Maia MF, Moore SJ. 2011.Plant-based insect repellents: a review of their efficacy, development dan testing. Malaria Jurnal. 10(1): 1-14.
McLain DE. 2009. Chronic Health Effects Assessment of Spike Lavender Oil. Walker Donet and Associates.
Mirawati P, Simaremare ES, Pratiwi RD. 2018. Test of repellent efeentiveness of lotion containing the combination of essential oils of zodiac leaf oil (Evodiia suaveolens Scheff) and Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) on Aedes Aegypti. Pharmaceutical Journal of Indonesia: 15(1): 1-15.
Mulyani S, Mulyaningsih B, Lestari AW, Ana FM, Anna DSS. 2013. Lemongrass, cloves, orange leaves as insence combustible for Aedes aegypti repellent. Traditional Medicine Journal. 18(3): 195-200.
Nerio LS, Olivero-Verbel J, Stashenko E. 2010. Repellent activity of essential oils: A Review. Bioresource Technology. 101(1): 372-378.
Nindatu M, Tuhumury NL, Kaihena M. 2011. Pengembangan ekstrak etanol daun lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) sebagai antinyamuk vector filarisasi Culex sp. Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Program Studi Pendidikan Dokter Universitas Pattimura. 4(1): 19-27.
Novasari AM, Sasongkowati R. 2017. Efektivitas larutan biji srikaya (Annona squmosa L.) sebagai insektisida terhadap kematian nyamuk Aedes aegypti dengan metode liquid elektrik. Jurnal Kesehatan Lingungan. 9(2): 200-208.
Raina. 2011. Ensiklopedi Tanaman Obat untuk Kesehatan. Yogyakarta (ID): Absolute Jogja.
Sastrosupadi A. 2000. Rancangan Percobaan Praktik Bidang Pertanian. Yogyakarta (ID): Penerbit Kanisius.
Setyaningsih D, Apriyantoro A, Sari MP. 2010. Analisa Sensori Industri Pangan dan Agro. Bogor (ID): IPB Press.
Utomo PP, Nana S. 2014. Perbandingan daya proteksi losion anti nyamuk dari beberapa jenis minyak atsiri tanaman pengusir nyamuk. Biopropal Industri. 5(2): 79-84.
Widawati M. 2014. Sediaan losion minyak atsiri piper betle L. dengan penambahan minyak nilam sebagai repelan nyamuk Aedes aegypti. Jurnal Litbang Pengendalian Penyakit Bersumber Binatang Banjarnegara. 10(2): 77-82.
Widiyanto A, Siarudin M. 2013. Karakteristik daun dan rendemen minyak atsiri lima jenis tumbuhan kayu putih. Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan. 31(4): 235-241.
Widoyono. 2005. Penyakit Tropis, Epidemiologi, Penularan, Pencegahan dan Pemberantasannya. Jakatra (ID): Peneribit Erlangga.
Yulianis, Dachriyanus, Putra AD. 2018. Uji aktifitas anti nyamuk minyak atsiri sereh dapur dalam bentuk semprot. Jurnal Ipteks Terapan. 12(1): 78-83.
Yulvianti M, Sari RM, Amaliah ER. 2014. Pengaruh perbandingan campuran pelarut N-Heksana-Etanol terhadap kandungan sitronelal hasil ekstraksi sereh wangi (Cymbopogon nardus L). Jurnal Integrasi Proses. 5(1): 8-14.
Zaituni, Khathir R, Agustina R. 2016. Penyulingan minyak atsiri sereh dapur (Cymbopogon citratus) dengan metode penyulingan air-uap. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Unsyiah. 1(1): 1009-1016.
Published
2020-08-07
How to Cite
Setyaningsih, D., Roselly, F., & Muna, N. (2020). Formulation of Essential Oils as Mosquito Repellent. Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry, 5(2), 71-79. https://doi.org/10.25026/jtpc.v5i2.231