Determination of 4,4-(propane-2,2-diyl) diphenol (Bisphenol A) Concentration in Canned Tomatoes
AbstractBisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical used in the production of polycarbonate plastics and for lining metal cans, used in canned foods. BPA is a well-known endocrine disrupting chemical, it therefore, is very hazardous to human health. BPA levels were determined in three brands of canned tomatoes (Gino, Super Mama, Derica) as sold in Nigerian markets. The samples were analyzed using solvent extraction, separation and quantitation by gas chromatography- mass spectrometric method. The recovery value for BPA in the method was 89% with the relative standard deviations of 3%.The BPA concentration in the samples ranged from 0.124 to 0.141 (), which are higher than the European Food Safety Authority Specific Migration Limit (SML) of 0.05 mg/kg in food sample. The samples analyzed in this work may be, therefore, of a potential health concern to the consumers.
 Ash, M., and Ash, I.: Handbook of Plastic and Rubber Additives. gower, Hampshire, UK, 1340 pp. 1995
 Huang, Y.Q., Wong, C.K.C., Zheng, J.S., Bouwman, H., Barra, R., Wahlstrom, B., Neretin, L., and Wong, M.H.: Bisphenol A (BPA) in China: A review of sources, environmental levels, and potential human health impacts. Environment International 42:91-99, 2012.
 Barnabe, S., Brar, S.K., Tyagi, R.D., Beauchesne, I., and Surampalli, R.Y.: Pre-treatment and bioconversion of wastewater sludge to value-added Products-Fate of endocrine disrupting compounds. Science of The Total Environment 407(5):1471-1488, 2009.
 Crain D. A., Eriksen M., Iguchi T., Jobling S., Laufer H., LeBlanc g.A., and guillette Jr. L.J.: An ecological assessment of bisphenol-A: Evidence from comparative biology. Reproductive Toxicology 24(2):225-239, 2007.
 Kumar, A., and Xagoraraki, I.: Pharmaceuticals, personal care products and endocrine- disrupting chemicals in U.S. surface and finished drinking waters: A proposed ranking system. Science of the Total Environment 408(23):5972-5989, 2010.
 Hernandez, R.J. and Gavara, R. 1999. Plastic Packaging: Methods for Studying Mass Transfer Interactions. Pira International, Leatherhead, UK, pp 53.
 Yoshida, T.; Horie, M.; Hoshino, Y. and Nakazawa, H. 2001. Determination of Bisphenol A in canned vegetables and fruit by high performance liquid chromatography. Food Addi. and Cont. 18: 69-75.
 Paseiro-Losada, P.; Lopez-Cervantes, J.; Sanchez-Machado, D.I. and Simal- Lozano, J. 2003. Effects of compression, stacking, vacuum packing and temperature on the migration of Bisphenol A from polyvinyl chloride packaging sheeting into food simulants. Chromatographia 58: 327-330.
 Szymanski, A.; Rykowska, I. and Wasiak, W. 2006. New ketoimine sorbents in solid phase extraction for HPLC analysis of Bisphenol A and other “endocrine disrupting” residues in drinking water. Polish J. of Environ. Stud. 15: 479-483.
 Cao, X.L.; Dufresne, G.; Belisle, S.; Clement, G.; Falicki, M.; Beraldin, F. and Rulibikiye, A. 2008. Levels of Bisphenol A in canned liquid infant formula products in Canada and dietary intake estimates. J. Agric. Food Chem. 56: 7919-7924.
 Maragou, N.C.; Makri, A.; Lampi, E.N.; Thomaidis, N.S. and Koupparis, M.A. 2008. Migration of Bisphenol A from polycarbonate baby bottles under real use conditions. Food Addi. and Cont. 25: 373-383.
 Cao, X.L.; Corriveau, J.; Popovic, S.; Clement, G.; Beraldin, F. and Dufresne, G. 2009. Bisphenol A in baby food products in glass jars with metal lids from Canadian markets. J. Agric. Food Chem. 57: 5345-5351.
 Krishnan, A.; Stathis, P.; Permuth, S.; Tokes, L. and Feldman, D. 1993. Bisphenol-A: An Estrogennic substance is released from polycarbonate flasks during autoclaving. Endocrinology 132: 2279-2286.
 S. Arar, M. A. (2019). A New Solvent Extraction Method with Gas Chromatography Mass. Acta Chromatographica, 71–78. doi:DOI: 10.1556/1326.2017.00388
Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.